Hot Tub Dangers: How to Prevent Getting Electrocuted in a Hot Tub

No one wants to end up in the hospital because of a hot tub accident, so it is important that you know how to prevent getting electrocuted.

The “hot tub shocks me when i touch the water” is a common problem that many people experience. In order to prevent this from happening, you should make sure that the hot tub has an anti-shock feature.

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Hot tubs are a delightful and soothing addition to your at-home spa or local pool, but they may also be highly hazardous. Electrocution is a hot tub threat that new hot tub owners and users alike underestimate. 

Many potential methods to get electrocuted exist in hot tub and pool areas—especially if you have an at-home spa—and if you are not cautious, someone might be badly wounded or even killed. 

When I had a hot tub installed in my house, I researched all of the potential hazards, and the one that surprised me the most was electrocution. Even if there are many measures to avoid electrocution in your at-home spa or a public hot tub, it is a regular hot tub mishap. 


The simplest technique to avoid electrocution is to exercise care and keep an eye on both the physical hot tub and the individuals who are using it.

According to the New York Times, 6,646 persons were hospitalized in 2006 due to hot tub injuries. You and any of your loved ones won’t wind up in the hospital as a result of a hot tub electrocution if you follow these helpful suggestions and regulations.


Is it Possible to Get Electrocuted in a Hot Tub?

The solution is straightforward. In a hot tub, you can absolutely be electrocuted. When this occurs, it’s terrifying for both the individual who’s being electrocuted and anybody else around who doesn’t know what to do.

If you happen to be around when someone is electrocuted in a hot tub, Mayo Clinic recommends taking the following steps:

  1. Be cautious.

Though you may feel compelled to assist a friend or family member as soon as you see them in danger, you must not touch the wounded person while they are still in contact with the electrical current. 


If you touch them while they’re still linked to the open electrical current, you’ll get attached as well. Instead, look for anything long and solid made of rubber, glass, or plastic that your companion can grip onto and pull them to safety. These materials are weak electrical conductors and will be safe to touch for both of you.

Turn off the electricity if it is safe to do so. If you can’t safely switch it off, go as far away as you can from the open electrical current.

  1. Make an emergency call to 911.

If the source of the electricity is a high-voltage line or lightning, contact 911 or your local emergency number after everyone has been safely removed from the electrical current. It is critical that you stay away from high-voltage lines until the power has been entirely shut off. Because electrical lines aren’t usually insulated, you should keep at least 20 feet away. If 20 feet doesn’t feel like enough distance, go with your gut and back away.

It’s still risky if the electricity comes from a low-voltage line, but you may hire an electrician to carefully remedy the issue. However, you must still dial 911 in order for the wounded individual to obtain medical assistance.

  1. Keep an eye on your pal.

Many health issues might arise as a result of being electrocuted. If the individual displays no symptoms of circulation, such as breathing, coughing, or moving, you should start CPR immediately after being disconnected from the electrical current. 

You should also keep them warm by applying sterile bandages to any burns they may have. Avoid using anything with loose fibers, such as a towel or blanket, since they might cling to burns.

Your acquaintance may continue be experiencing health problems as a result of the electrical shock after the first trip to the hospital. If any of the following symptoms occur, return the patient to the hospital:

  • Burns that be severe
  • Confusion
  • Breathing problems
  • Problems with heart rhythm (arrhythmias)
  • Arrest of the heart
  • Muscle spasms and contractions are common.
  • Seizures
  • Consciousness loss

When there are electrical difficulties in a hot tub, another thing to be concerned about is electric shock drowning.

Electric shock drowning occurs when a person is jolted with electricity while in water, according to WedMD. The individual’s body is paralyzed as a result of the electric shock, and without working movement, the person will begin to sink and drown.

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As can be seen, the issue should not be if electrocution is possible, but rather how it occurs and how it may be prevented.

The Most Common Causes of Hot Tub Electrocutions

People may be electrocuted in a hot tub in a variety of ways, whether at home or in a public location. The best approach to avoid these mishaps is to understand how they might occur. 

I’ll go through some of the most frequent ways individuals get electrocuted in hot tubs and pools. I’m not going to put them in any kind of sequence from most deadly to least dangerous, so please pay close attention to each one.

  1. Wiring Issues


Wires and hot tub do not mix well. Whether the hot tub you are in is inside or outside, there is always a possibility for a wiring problem to pose a threat to anyone relaxing in the hot tub. There are some Wiring Issues that are more common for inside tubs as well as outside tubs.

Down wires or power lines are a typical wiring problem that may lead to electrocution when dealing with exterior hot tubs. Every neighborhood on the planet is linked to a global power system with millions of miles of power lines. Each of the power lines is linked to the power grid’s continually producing energy.

Some of these power lines will fall down and become a fallen wire if there is ever a storm, strong winds, or an accident near them. A downed wire is a power line that has fallen to the ground yet still has power. 

Downed wires might fall into pools and hot tubs during severe storms or mishaps. When this occurs, the water in the hot tub acts as a conductor, carrying the electricity from the live wire. If someone entered the hot tub without first discovering the fallen wire, they would be electrocuted. 

The voltage on power cables is normally between 4,800 and 13,200 volts. The electric chairs used for the death penalty, by contrast, only employ up to 2,200 volts of power.

If you’re soaking in an indoor hot tub, there’s a chance you’ll come into contact with live wires. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission issued a warning to pool and hot tub owners in 2003 regarding malfunctioning underwater lighting. 

A 14-year-old girl in Texas was electrocuted, and the 16-year-old boy who attempted to rescue her was gravely shocked, according to their report, due to a defective wiring in an underwater lighting fixture. Fortunately, both teenagers were rescued and were not seriously injured.

  1. While Your Hot Tub Is Being Repaired

Even if you are not in the hot tub, many individuals get electrocuted while fixing the hot tub’s equipment. If you don’t conduct your own repairs, this kind of electrocution may not impact you, but it might happen to your helpful, skilled buddy or your electrician. 

When it comes to electrical issues with hot tubs, the breaker switch is generally the culprit. The breaker switch is the component of your hot tub that regulates the flow of electricity from the power supply to it. If the breaker switch on your hot tub detects any problems with the electrical current, it will turn off the power to keep you safe.

This is an apparent and vital hot tub function, but when it fails, it may be quite harmful. Water may collect in the area where the breaker is located, and the wires connecting to and from the breaker can fray with time. Breaker switch repairs are quite risky, so get them handled by a professional.

  1. Storms with lightning


Many people purchase their own private hot tub so that they may enjoy it anytime they wish. It’s a lovely way to enjoy your hot tub while taking in some of Mother Nature’s calming weather by hot tubbing during a light winter snowfall or sprinkling of rain.

While it’s acceptable to relax in your hot tub under mild rain, it may quickly become deadly. If the little rain you were anticipating develops into a thunderstorm, you and anybody else you bring to your tub will be in grave danger.

Lightning is an electric charge or current that occurs naturally. Water is a great electrical conductor. The charge of electricity would be focused within a 15 to 20-foot radius of the original hitting spot if lightning struck your hot tub. 

That vast radius would include not just your tub but also the majority of the surrounding region. Even if no one was in the hot tub at the time of the lightning hit, they may still get shocked. Because electrical currents normally travel out over the surface of the water, even someone standing outside the tub would feel a zap of electricity running through their whole body.

The chances of being hit by lightning in any given year are roughly 1 in 1,222,000, and the odds of being struck in your whole life are just 1 in 15,300, according to the National Weather Service, but those odds increase if you are in a hot tub or pool when lightning strikes.

Only around 10% of individuals who are hit by lightning die, so you could live, but your injuries will leave you prone to a variety of problems.

  1. Appliances made of electricity

With a few little devices and appliances, you can easily create a lovely outdoor space for your hot tub, but just as these items may improve the ambience of your hot tub area, they can also make it more unsafe. 

The biggest danger from the appliances is not the appliances themselves, but what can happen if they get into contact with water. Appliances made of electricity pull electricity from the outlet and uses it to power its functions, while this is happening, the electrical current is constantly running through the appliance while also be held by the appliance.

Even if the appliance is not turned on, if it is placed in water while connected into an outlet, the electricity from the appliance will flow into the water in search of a location to be grounded. Because the human body has a low resistance, the current will travel into whomever is in the hot tub, electrocuting them.

  1. Issues with Outlets

An outlet is an open circuit that connects to the power grid for electrical power. It is possible that if water gets into the outlet, it will be harmful and cause significant damage. Hot tubs that have been put on to a house are particularly prone to this issue. 

Homes that were designed with a hot tub in mind would have evaluated all of the safest areas for outlets and placed them a safe distance away from the hot tub. When you add a hot tub to your house, however, you must ensure that the hot tub is compatible with the electrical grid currently in place. That may be difficult.

The road to electrocution from an electrical outlet is a little different, but it’s still a typical occurrence. If water splashed into the outlet from the tub, the electricity would swiftly travel via the water to its source, the tub. 

Electricity moves at the same speed as light, according to Southern California Edison. Even if the connection between your hot tub, the splash of water, and the outlet lasted just a second, the electricity would flow through the tub quicker than it would across 3 million football fields at 186,000 miles per second.

If water gets into an electrical outlet, it might short out your whole house’s power or spark a fire, both of which would be very expensive to fix.

  1. Hot Tubs That Can Be Installed by Yourself

Everyone enjoys a do-it-yourself job, but for something as involved as installing a hot tub, I would suggest hiring a professional. It is feasible to build your own hot tub, but if you do so, you must be aware of any potential electrical issues.

You become responsible for the energy hooked to a hot tub when you build it yourself, and because most hot tubs aren’t luxuries that can just be plugged in, it may become very involved. The most difficult aspect of constructing your own electrical system is ensuring that your hot tub is properly grounded.

When your hot tub has a problem, it will not go to the grounding. According to Performance Wire and Cable, grounding is “an extra way for the electrical circuit to travel into the earth so as not to risk anybody working with electricity nearby in the case of a short circuit.”

Even when built by qualified specialists, short circuits may occur in private house hot tubs, thus hoping that a circuit will not short is not an option. Again, I suggest having your hot tub installed by a professional.

If you still have a do-it-yourself mentality, I recommend hiring an electrician to handle the electrical aspects of your hot tub installation, as well as a city inspector to ensure that your at-home spa is up to code.

5 Ways to Avoid Electrocution in a Hot Tub

 Now that you have a basic idea of how hazardous and prevalent hot tub electrocution is, I’ll offer you some pointers on how to avoid it in your spa. These five suggestions are a compilation of all the useful information I’ve gathered throughout my investigation.

Please read each one carefully since I am not putting them in any particular sequence.

First and foremost, all storms must be respected.

If you want to keep your hot tub open all year so that you can enjoy it in all kinds of weather, make sure you do it securely. I said before that some individuals find it relaxing to bathe in their hot tub during a little rain. If you wish to attempt it, you’ll need to prepare appropriately.

Always check for weather warnings before jumping into your hot tub if it’s raining. Depending on where you live, what seems to be a little shower of cool rain might quickly change into a raging lightning storm.

When checking the weather forecast, keep an eye out for probable storms not just in your immediate region, but also in the neighboring locations. Do not use your hot tub if there is a chance of a storm nearby. As previously said, lightning travels at a speed of 186,000 miles per second, therefore any storms in the region might be dangerous.

To be as safe as you can, do not use your hot tub again until all possible Storms with lightning have passed and are no longer a threat. To protect your tub from any possible damage during the storm, be sure to cover and lock up your tub.

Tip No. 2: Purchase only battery-operated appliances.

When I discussed the hazards of appliances earlier, I’m guessing you marked them off your list of items to acquire for your hot tub. If you did, it’s time to start again! While having electric appliances near your hot tub might be dangerous, you can have numerous safe, battery-powered gadgets in your hot tub area.

Battery-powered gadgets are considerably safer to use near your hot tub since they do not have the same difficulties as traditional electric equipment. 

Battery-powered appliances, on the other hand, are powered by batteries rather than an outlet that is linked to the all-powerful power grid. Because the electrical current in a battery is limited and not very powerful, you will not be harmed if a battery-operated item falls into your hot tub.

While a battery-powered device won’t kill you if it falls into your hot tub, it might pose some issues. Small batteries such as AAA, AA, C, and D are often used to power small appliances. The positive terminals of these batteries are normally around 98 percent solid, with minor vent holes and air gaps.

Water may seep inside the battery if it is kept in the water for an extended period of time, causing it to explode. Alternatively, the chemicals and acids might flow into the hot tub and cause burns.

If a battery-operated gadget falls into your hot tub, don’t be concerned about electrocution; rather, remove the equipment as soon as possible to prevent further difficulties.

Tip 3: After a storm, be cautious.

As we talked about before, downed power lines and live wires can pose a huge threat to the safety of you and your loved ones. These things happen especially after thunder or Storms with lightning.

If a storm has just passed through your neighborhood, be extra cautious the next time you use your hot tub. Check the whole area to ensure there are no exposed electrical currents that might harm you or others.

As long as you properly secured your hot tub’s cover, there shouldn’t be anything dangerous inside your hot tub. In cases where the storm was powerful enough to remove your cover and a power line or any wire has fallen into your tub, Make an emergency call to 911. immediately.

If there are an open electrical currents present anywhere in your hot tub area, turn off all of the power and Make an emergency call to 911. and the electric company immediately. If you find that it is too difficult for you to safely turn off the power, do not try to. Wait until a professional comes out to do it for you.

Tip #4: Always keep an eye on others.

It’s always a good time to have friends over and have a good time in your hot tub, but you must constantly be there with them. You, as a responsible owner, will know all there is to know about your tub and what to do in the event of an emergency, but others may not.

This suggestion, unlike most others concerning monitoring, does not apply just to youngsters. If they are not careful, anybody of any age might be electrocuted. Allowing someone to use your hot tub without your supervision might result in electrocution.

While you’re out with your pals, keep an eye on what they bring into the hot tub and how they act near the hot tub’s potentially harmful parts, such as the breaker switch and extension cables.

While you’re in the tub, go through your safety plan with them for further protection. That manner, you can teach them about how to be safe when utilizing your hot tub or others while still having fun. 

Tip #5: Always be on the lookout for opportunities.

When you or a loved one is getting electrocuted, the last thing you want to do is go through the hot tub owner’s handbook to figure out where the electrical switch is or look for a non-conductive cane to assist them.

When you make the decision to purchase a hot tub, you should learn all you can about it. Always know where your hot tub’s electrical switches and circuit breakers are located and how to turn them off. 

Before bringing your friends or family into the hot tub, I recommend doing a hot tub safety drill. Check that all systems are functioning properly and that the electricity can be switched off simply, swiftly, and safely if required.

Make sure you have all of the tools you’ll need on hand as well. You’ll need the following items in case someone is electrocuted in your hot tub:

  • To use, you’ll need a phone that isn’t powered by the same source as the hot tub.
  • Rubber, glass, or plastic stick or hook that is long and strong.
  • Burn cream and sterile gauzes are included in the first-aid kit.
  • An emergency blanket made of Mylar

You can assure the safety of everyone who uses your hot tub with you by having just these few items ready before allowing them in.

While there are certain risks associated with hot tubs, there are also some advantages. For example, did you know that being in a hot tub may aid individuals who suffer from arthritis? If you’re considering purchasing a hot tub, be sure to read our article on the typical cost of a hot tub.


The “hot tub voltage in water” is a common concern that many people have. It is important to know how to prevent getting electrocuted in a hot tub.

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