How to Stain a Fence (Step by Step)

This guide will teach you how to stain a fence using standard household materials.

The “staining a fence with a pump sprayer” is an easy and quick way to stain your fence. The steps are as follows:

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When it comes to staining a fence, the chore may seem daunting, but there are a few basic procedures that may make the process go smoothly and leave you with a lovely fence! 

When it comes to staining a fence, there are a few things to consider. Continue reading to find out what you’ll need to accomplish and what resources you’ll need to get started on your project!

Contents Table of Contents


  • Keep an eye on the weather
  • Cleaning and Preparing the Wood for Staining
  • Clean up the Yard
  • Repair the Fence
  • Staining Area Preparation
  • Fence Staining
  • Examine Your Work
  • Allow time for the stain to dry before adding more coats if necessary.
  • Using the Sealer
  • Observation on Time


Keep an eye on the weather

The choice of when to stain your fence is critical, and it is the first step you must do. Check the weather often to ensure that the day you select is clear of precipitation and has a temperature range of 50 to 80 degrees. This ensures that your stain has enough time to dry.

Another important meteorological element to keep an eye on is humidity. If there is too much moisture in the air, it can take longer for your fence to dry. While too little humidity might cause your stain to dry too fast and leave painting markings on your fence, too much humidity can cause your stain to dry too quickly and leave painting marks.

Cleaning and Preparing the Wood for Staining

You should check the wood before staining it. Ensure that any irregularities, such as broken fence parts, nails, screws, or staples, are removed. These items might create issues with your stained fence, such as uneven coatings.

After checking the wood, sand any rough spots or locations that might create difficulties. Sanding the whole fence to provide a flat surface for staining is an even safer bet.

If your fence has previously been stained or painted, you’ll need to use a wood stripper and scrape it to remove the old varnish. This will aid in the creation of a smooth and equal finish over the whole fence.


Taking these measures ahead of time will help you save time and money when it comes to staining!

Clean up the Yard

After preparing the wood, you need to Clean up the Yard. Cleaning the fence with a power washer can save time, and make sure you remove the light to moderate dirt, including the sanding residue. Make sure you are using a power washer with a lower psi to not warp or bend the wood.

If you discover mold or mildew on your fence, use a bleach and water solution or a wood cleaner to remove the debris before staining. Using a garden sprayer, apply the solution to the fence and let it to soak into the slats. When you’re through, give it a good power wash to remove the chemical solution.

Repair the Fence

You may have observed that the fence required holes filled or that a piece was damaged when cleaning and prepping the wood. You may correct these fence irregularities after washing the fence and allowing it to dry fully.

If the holes are tiny, wood putty may be used. Filling the gaps with wood putty will enable you to paint over them. 

If a slat in the fence is damaged, it’s recommended fixing the whole thing before staining. This enables for an equal layer of stain to be applied to the whole fence, ensuring that everything is level.

Staining Area Preparation

You must first prepare the area when your fence has dried and you have chosen to begin staining. 

Assume you’re simply staining a section of the fence and are taping it off using painter’s tape. This will prevent the stain from spreading to the rest of the fence.

Drop cloths may also be used to cover the grass and vegetation surrounding your fence to protect it. Plants will be harmed and eventually die as a result of the chemicals.

Fence Staining

When it comes to staining a fence, you have a few alternatives. You may use a brush, a roller, or even a paint sprayer to apply the paint. Each of these solutions has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, so choose wisely. 

Paint with a Brush

If you’re going to use a brush, be sure it has bristles. This allows the wood stain to flow uniformly throughout the wood and into the crevices and recesses.

When using a brush to Fence Staining, coat the brush’s tip and then go in one direction painting each slat from top to bottom. This will ensure there is an even coat across the slat, and it will all be uniform. Ensure the brush tip stays wet with stain; if not, it can dry out and cause an uneven coat!

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Using a paintbrush is a time-consuming operation, and once you start staining, you won’t be able to stop. If you do, changing weather conditions or humidity may result in an uneven coat.

Make use of a roller

While staining a fence using a roller saves time, it still necessitates the use of a brush to get the stain into the grooves and recesses. 

Saturate a roller with a medium thickness roller cover with the stain. Paint the fence in tiny portions with the roller, going over locations a few times. Use a brush to penetrate into the wood’s holes and grooves that the roller may gloss over but not completely cover.

Make use of a paint sprayer.

A paint sprayer can help you tint your fence quickly. A paint sprayer requires less labor-intensive activities, which speeds up the process. 

If you don’t have your own, you may rent one from a home improvement shop for a reasonable fee. When applying that product, the stainer can inform you what size sprayer nozzle to use, but you can also use a smaller one for less blowback.

You’ll need to paint the fence in tiny sections and go over it numerous times, just like with the paint roller approach, but you’ll need to stand a safe distance away from it.

This will prevent puddles and provide a uniform coat throughout the whole fence.

Examine Your Work

Check for any run marks or stain puddles after staining the fence for the first time. To ensure that the whole area is equal, use a brush to level out these regions.

Allow time for the stain to dry before adding more coats if necessary.

You must now wait for the first application of stain to dry. Depending on the weather, this may take some time. Make sure you accept the first step, check the weather, and make sure your stain dries as rapidly as possible without destroying the wood.

After the initial coat, apply as many more coats as necessary to get the desired hue. To ensure that each coat is even, make sure you follow the procedures above.

Using the Sealer

Make sure you use a sealant to preserve your fence from normal wear and strain while also ensuring its endurance. A sealer will protect the stain from fading and extend the life of your fence.

A sealer may be applied using a brush, roller, or paint sprayer, depending on the staining method. To maintain the fence looking its best, follow the instructions that came with the stain.

Allow for drying after applying the sealer, and your fence will be ready to use.

Observation on Time

Under ideal circumstances, a nice stain may persist for two to five years. Extreme heat and weather, on the other hand, might cause the finish to age and deteriorate. Maintain the finest possible condition of your fence by re-staining it every 2-3 years.

Check out our other fence articles, including how to expand the height of a wooden fence post, where we show you how to do it step by step!


The “how to stain a fence with a brush” is a step-by step guide on how to stain a fence. It includes pictures and instructions.

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